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并列结构作主语时谓语动词的数

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2018-08-22

1. 由and和both...and连接的并列主语

此时谓语动词通常用复数。如:

Jim and Mary are both interested in it. 吉姆和玛丽都对此感兴趣。

Both brother and sister are college students. 兄妹俩都是大学生。

【注意】

(1) 当由and连接的两个并列主语受each, every, no的修饰时,谓语用单数:

Every boy and (every) girl likes the book. 每个男孩女孩都喜欢这本书。

No desk and (no) chair was seen in the room. 房间里不见桌椅。

(2) 当and连接两个数相加时,谓语动词可用单数或复数:

Six and eight makes [make] fourteen. 六加八等于十四。

(3) 当and连接的两个的词语指同一个人或事物时,谓语通常要用单数:

A cart and horse was seen in the distance. 远处看见一辆马车。

2. 由or, nor, either...or, neither…nor, not only…but also, not…but等连接的并列主语

此时谓语动词通常与最靠近的主语保持一致(即遵循就近原则)。如:

He or I am wrong. 不是他错了,就是我错了。

Either you or he has taken it. 不是你拿了就是他拿了。

Not only the children but also the mother wants to go. 不仅孩子们想去,母亲也想去。

注意这类句型的疑问句形式:

Were you or he there? 当时是你还是他在那儿?

Are either you or he to blame? 是怪你还是怪他?

【注意】

在非正式文体中,个别结构(如neither…nor)连接主语时,谓语可用复数:

Neither his father nor his mother have [has] come. 他的爸爸和妈妈都没来。

3. 由as well as, as much as, rather than , more than, no less than 等连接的并连主语

此时谓语动词通常与前面一个主语保持一致。如:

The teacher as well as the students has read it 不仅学生读过它,老师也读过。

The teacher rather than the students is to blame. 应受责备的是老师而不是学生。

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